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不同叫法的抹面砂浆是不是指同一种砂浆呢?

来源: 日期:2021-07-15 发布人:juyehe

由于各地习惯的不同,产生了好多口语叫法。那么这些说法到底是不是指同一种砂浆呢?

Due to the different habits of different places, there are many colloquial names. So do these statements mean the same kind of mortar?
首要要知道的是百科给“抹面砂浆”的定义:凡涂抹在建筑物或建筑构件表面的砂浆,统称为抹面砂浆。因此,抹面砂浆属于统称,自然包括抹灰砂浆了。当然,咱们公司实际销售使用中不管是抹面还是抹灰其实都是指同一种产品。
The first thing to know is the definition of "plastering mortar" in Encyclopedia: all the mortar applied on the surface of buildings or building components are collectively referred to as plastering mortar. Therefore, plastering mortar belongs to the general term, naturally including plastering mortar. Of course, our company's actual sales use, whether it is plastering or plastering, actually refers to the same product.
普通抹面砂浆是建筑工程中用量大的抹灰砂浆。其功能主要是保护墙体、地面不受风雨及有害杂质的侵蚀,提高防潮、防腐蚀、抗风化性能,增加耐久性;同时可使建筑达到表面平整、清洁和美观的效果。
Ordinary plastering mortar is a large amount of plastering mortar in construction engineering. Its main function is to protect the wall and ground from wind, rain and harmful impurities, improve moisture-proof, anti-corrosion, anti weathering performance, and increase durability; At the same time, it can make the building surface flat, clean and beautiful.
抹面砂浆通常分为两层或三层进行施工。各层砂浆要求不同,因此每层所选用的砂浆也不一样。一般底层砂浆起黏结基层的作用,要求砂浆应具有良好的和易性和较高的黏结力,因此底面砂浆的保水性要好,否则水分易被基层材料吸收而影响砂浆的黏结力。基层表面粗糙些有利于与砂浆的黏结。中层抹灰主要是为了找平,有时可省略去不用。面层抹灰主要为了平整美观,因此选用细沙。
The plastering mortar is usually divided into two or three layers for construction. The mortar requirements of each layer are different, so the mortar selected for each layer is also different. Generally, the bottom mortar plays the role of bonding the base, so it is required that the mortar should have good workability and high bonding force, so the water retention of the bottom mortar is better, otherwise the water is easily absorbed by the base material, which will affect the bonding force of the mortar. The surface of base course is rough, which is good for bonding with mortar. The middle layer plastering is mainly for leveling, sometimes it can be omitted. The main purpose of surface plastering is to be smooth and beautiful, so fine sand is selected.
用于砖墙的底层抹灰,多用石灰砂浆;用于板条墙或板条顶棚的底层抹灰多用混合砂浆或石灰砂浆;混凝土墙、梁、柱、顶板等底层抹灰多用混合砂浆、麻刀石灰浆或纸筋石灰浆。
For the bottom plastering of brick wall, lime mortar is often used; Mixed mortar or lime mortar is often used for the bottom plastering of lath wall or lath ceiling; The bottom plastering of concrete wall, beam, column, roof and so on usually uses mixed mortar, machete lime slurry or paper reinforced lime slurry.
在容易碰撞或潮湿的地方,应采用水泥砂浆。如墙裙、踢脚板、地面、雨棚、窗台以及水池、水井等处,一般多用1:2.5的水泥砂浆。
Cement mortar shall be used where it is easy to collide or damp. Such as wainscot, skirting board, ground, canopy, windowsill, pool, well, etc., generally use 1:2.5 cement mortar.