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抹面砂浆的分类详解介绍!

来源: 日期:2021-07-29 发布人:juyehe

每一个建筑物的诞生都离不开一个重要的建筑材料,那就是抹面砂浆。整个建筑中占据的位置是很重要的,有着保护伞的说法,每一个建筑都会用到它。凡涂抹在建筑物或土木工程构件表面的砂浆,可统称为抹面砂浆。根据抹面砂浆功能的不同,它的分类就很多了,今天我们就一起来学习抹面砂浆的分类详解

The birth of every building is inseparable from an important building material, that is, plastering mortar. The position occupied in the whole building is very important. There is an umbrella, which is used in every building. The mortar applied on the surface of buildings or civil engineering components can be collectively referred to as plastering mortar. According to the different functions of plastering mortar, there are many classifications. Today we will learn the detailed classification of plastering mortar
1、普通抹面砂浆
1. Ordinary plastering mortar
普通抹面砂浆的功能是保护结构主体免遭各种侵害,提高结构的耐久性,改善结构的外观。常用的普通抹面砂浆有石灰砂浆、水泥砂浆、水泥混合砂浆、麻刀石灰浆或纸筋石灰浆。为改善抹面砂浆的保水性和粘结力,胶凝材料应比砌筑砂浆多,必要时还可加入少量107胶,以增强其粘结力。为提高抗拉强度、防止抹面砂浆的开裂,常加入部分麻刀等纤维材料。
The function of ordinary plastering mortar is to protect the main body of the structure from various violations, improve the durability of the structure and improve the appearance of the structure. Common plastering mortar includes lime mortar, cement mortar, cement mixed mortar, machete lime slurry or paper reinforced lime slurry. In order to improve the water retention and adhesion of plastering mortar, more cementitious materials shall be used than masonry mortar. If necessary, a small amount of 107 glue can be added to enhance its adhesion. In order to improve the tensile strength and prevent the cracking of plastering mortar, some fiber materials such as hemp knives are often added.
2、装饰砂浆
2. Mortar decoration
涂抹在建筑物内外墙表面,能具有美观装饰效果的抹面砂浆通称为装饰砂浆。要选用具有一定颜色的胶凝材料和骨料以及采用某种特殊的操作工艺,使表面呈现出各种不同的色彩、线条与花纹等装饰效果。装饰砂浆所采用的胶凝材料有普通水泥、矿渣水泥、火山灰质水泥、白水泥、彩色水泥,或是在常用水泥中掺加些耐碱矿物颜料配成彩色水泥以及石灰、石膏等。
The plastering mortar applied on the surface of the internal and external walls of the building with beautiful decorative effect is generally called decorative mortar. Cementitious materials and aggregates with certain colors shall be selected and a special operation process shall be adopted to make the surface show various decorative effects such as colors, lines and patterns. The cementitious materials used in decorative mortar include ordinary cement, slag cement, pozzolanic cement, white cement and color cement, or add some alkali resistant mineral pigments to common cement to form color cement, lime and gypsum.
3、防水砂浆
3. Waterproof mortar
制作防水层的砂浆叫做防水砂浆。砂浆防水层又叫刚性防水层。这种防水层仅适用于不受振动和具有一定刚度的混凝土或砖石砌体工程。对于变形较大或可能发生不均匀沉陷的结构,都不宜采用刚性防水层。防水砂浆可以用普通水泥砂浆来制作,也可以在水泥砂浆中掺入防水剂来提高砂浆的抗渗能力。
The mortar used to make the waterproof layer is called waterproof mortar. Mortar waterproof layer is also called rigid waterproof layer. This waterproof layer is only applicable to concrete or masonry works that are not subject to vibration and have certain stiffness. Rigid waterproof layer should not be used for structures with large deformation or uneven settlement. Waterproof mortar can be made of ordinary cement mortar, or waterproof agent can be added into cement mortar to improve the impermeability of mortar.
建筑材料千千万,唯有抹面砂浆为重要。它的质量以及性能的好坏是衡量整个建筑物的质量的,现在国家和人们越来越重视环保,相信在不就的将来安 全环保的建筑基材也会相许诞生的。对于抹面砂浆的相关信息小编就说到这里了,希望可以帮到需要的朋友。
There are tens of millions of building materials, only plastering mortar is important. Its quality and performance is a measure of the quality of the whole building. Now the state and people pay more and more attention to environmental protection. It is believed that safe and environmentally friendly building materials will be born in the near future. That's all for the information about plastering mortar. I hope I can help friends in need.