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腻子粉脱粉的原因有哪些?

来源: 日期:2022-02-09 发布人:juyehe

腻子粉是用来墙面修补的一种基材,为下一步装饰(刷油漆贴壁纸)打下良好的基础。在施工中经常会出现腻子胶粉脱粉问题,它会引起乳胶漆的脱落,以及腻子层的起鼓,裂缝,进而引起乳胶漆饰面发生裂缝。究其原因,分析如下:

Putty powder is a kind of base material used for wall repair, which lays a good foundation for the next decoration (painting and wallpaper). In the construction, the problem of powder removal of putty rubber powder often occurs, which will cause the falling off of emulsion paint, the bulging and cracks of putty layer, and then cause the cracks of emulsion paint finish. The reasons are analyzed as follows:
①腻子的粘结强度不够造成脱粉,生产厂家一味的降低成本,胶粉的粘结强度差,添加量较小,特别是内墙腻子,粘结强度的大小,脱粉不脱粉和胶粉以及胶水的质量和添加量有很大关系。
① The adhesive strength of putty is not enough, resulting in powder removal. The manufacturer blindly reduces the cost. The adhesive strength of rubber powder is poor and the amount of addition is small. Especially for interior wall putty, the size of adhesive strength and whether the powder is removed or not is closely related to the quality and amount of rubber powder and glue.
②设计配方不合理,选材的问题和结构的问题,在腻子配方中很重要。比如羟丙基甲基纤维素(HPMC)做内墙不防水的腻子,HPMC虽然很贵,但对双飞粉,滑石粉,硅灰石粉等填充料不起作用,如果仅使用HPMC就会引起脱粉,而价格低的CMC、CMS反到不脱粉,但是CMC、CMS不能做防水腻子,也不能做外墙腻子,因为CMC和CMS遇到灰钙粉、白水泥起反应,这都会引起脱粉,也有把聚丙烯酰胺加入灰钙粉、白水泥做为防水涂料,也会起化学反应引起脱粉。
② Unreasonable design formula, material selection and structure are very important in putty formula. For example, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) is used as waterproof putty for interior wall. Although HPMC is very expensive, it does not work on filling materials such as Shuangfei powder, talc powder and wollastonite powder. If only HPMC is used, it will cause de powder, while CMC and CMS with low price will not de powder. However, CMC and CMS cannot be used as waterproof putty or exterior wall putty, because CMC and CMS encounter lime calcium powder White cement reacts, which will lead to de powdering. There are also polyacrylamide added with lime calcium powder and white cement as waterproof coating, which will also react chemically to cause de powdering.
③混合搅拌不均匀,是造成内外墙腻子脱粉的主要原因,全国有的生产厂家生产腻子粉设备简单,五花八门,不是**搅拌设备,搅拌不均匀,引起腻子脱粉。
③ Uneven mixing is the main reason for the de dusting of putty on internal and external walls. Some manufacturers in China produce putty powder with simple and varied equipment. It is not * * mixing equipment. Uneven mixing causes the de dusting of putty.
④生产工艺的错误造成腻子脱粉,如果混合搅拌机没有清扫的功能,残留较多,普通腻子中的CMC就会和防水腻子中的灰钙粉起反应,内墙腻子中的CMC、CMS和外墙腻子的白水泥起反应而造成脱粉。**好不要用一台搅拌机器生产两种腻子粉。
④ The error of production process causes the putty to be de powdered. If the mixing mixer has no cleaning function and there are many residues, the CMC in the ordinary putty will react with the lime calcium powder in the waterproof putty, and the CMC and CMS in the interior wall putty will react with the white cement of the exterior wall putty to cause de powdering** Do not use a mixing machine to produce two kinds of putty powder.
⑤填充料的质量的不同也容易造成脱粉,内外墙腻子大量的使用填充料,但各地重钙粉、滑石粉里面Ca2CO3的含量不同,酸碱度不同也会造成腻子的脱粉,比如重庆和成都的内墙腻子粉用同样的胶粉,但滑石粉、重钙粉不同,在重庆不脱粉,在成都就脱粉,在河南、东北不脱粉,而在一些地区就脱粉。
⑤ The different quality of fillers can also easily lead to de dusting. Fillers are widely used for internal and external wall putty, but the different content of ca2co3 in heavy calcium powder and talc powder and different pH will also lead to de dusting of putty. For example, the same rubber powder is used for internal wall putty powder in Chongqing and Chengdu, but talc powder and heavy calcium powder are different. They are not de dusted in Chongqing, de dusted in Chengdu, and de dusted in Henan Northeast China does not de pulverize, but de pulverizes in some areas.
⑥天气的原因也是内外墙腻子脱粉的一个原因,比如内外墙腻子,在北方干旱的一些地区气候干燥,通风好,腻子饰面成膜快,不脱粉,而在南方不行,特别南方一些地区有梅雨天气,长期潮湿,腻子成膜性不好,也会脱粉,所以这样一些地区适应加灰钙粉的防水腻子。
⑥ Weather is also one of the reasons for the de dusting of internal and external wall putty. For example, in some arid areas in the north, the climate is dry, the ventilation is good, and the putty finish forms a film quickly without de dusting, but not in the south. Especially in some areas in the South, there is plum rain weather, long-term humidity, and the putty has poor film-forming property, which will also de dusting, Therefore, such areas are suitable for waterproof putty with lime calcium powder.
⑦灰钙粉、白水泥等无机粘结剂不纯,掺有大量的双飞粉。市面上所谓的多功能灰钙粉、多功能白水泥都不纯,因为大量使用这些不纯的无机粘结剂,内外墙防水腻子肯定脱粉更不防水。
⑦ Inorganic binders such as lime calcium powder and white cement are impure and mixed with a large amount of Shuangfei powder. The so-called multi-functional lime calcium powder and multi-functional white cement on the market are not pure. Because these impure inorganic binders are widely used, the waterproof putty on the inner and outer walls must be de powdered and less waterproof.
⑧夏季外墙腻子的保水不够,特别是在大楼高层门口、窗口等通风的地方,灰钙粉和水泥的初凝时间不够就已失去水份,又没有养护好,也会严重脱粉。
⑧ The water retention of exterior wall putty is not enough in summer, especially in ventilated places such as high-rise doors and windows of the building. If the initial setting time of lime calcium powder and cement is not enough, it will lose water, and it will be seriously de powdered if it is not well maintained.